Answers to the national high school literature exam 2021

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2021-07-07 07:49:32

Below are the answers to the latest National High School Literature exam 2021 taking place on the morning of 7/7/2021. Literature is the first subject in the national high school graduation exam in 2021.

Answers to the national high school graduation exam in 2021

Below are the exam questions and answers for the 2021 Literature exam, please refer to.

National High School Graduation Literature exam in 2021.

Answers to the exam in Literature 2021

This is the reference answer for the national high school graduation literature exam in 2021, not the official answer from the Ministry of Education and Training.

I. Reading Comprehension:

Question 1.

– The birth of the river, according to the excerpt: From the crevices in the ground, water rises. From a small stream, the water mixed with the water that fell from the sky and the water penetrated the earth to form a small stream that kept flowing down until, a river was born.

Verse 2.

According to the passage, the last gift of water to mankind before entering the sea are fertile deltas – great agricultural regions.

Verse 3.

The above sentence is a metaphor about the flow of water and the life of each person:

– The flow of water is always moving, non-stop and witnessing all the daily activities of people.

– The flow of water is a metaphor for each person’s life.

+ Each person’s life also goes through the stages of birth – old age – illness – death, witnessing all the joys and sorrows, different aspects of life with many different states and levels.

+ The river slowly flows metaphor for each person’s life, when we know how to slow down to listen and observe, our life will become deeper.

Verse 4.

Based on the content of the excerpt, students choose appropriate lessons.

Lessons about the life that the text wants to convey through the journey from the river to the sea of ​​water:

– Each person’s life is finite, live it meaningfully. To be like that flow, when we were born, we were just small drops of water that rose from the cracks in the ground, but at the end of our lives, we developed into a large land, contributing to the great agricultural regions.

– Life contains many challenges and difficulties, be as strong as the flow to be able to break through a mountain or even form a canyon, knocking back the difficulties of your life.

– Life is full of colors and different levels, let’s slow down a little to listen and enjoy the beauties of life, thereby enriching our souls.

II. Writing section

Question 1:

Introduce the issue: The need to know how to dedicate life

Problem explanation:

Problem analysis:

The concept of dedication: is the voluntary, self-conscious use of one’s energy, talent and wisdom to contribute to the common good of society. in general, for the development of a collective, a community…Dedication is one of the virtues and good qualities of human beings.Dedication right from the smallest things: we have knowledge – we apply knowledge to invent, create, for the cause of growing people; I have muscles – I work to create material wealth

Verse 2:

1. Opening lesson:

– About the author Xuan Quynh: Xuan Quynh is one of the mature poets in the anti-American resistance war. She is considered one of the best love poetry writers in Vietnamese poetry since 1945. It is a love that is both passionate, boiling, passionate, passionate and tender, rich in intuition, and deep in experience. experience thoughts.

– Introduction of the work: “Waves” is a typical work of Xuan Quynh printed in the volume “Flowers along the trenches” published in 1968. The work has expressed the desire for love as a need for self-awareness and discovery. break. The poetic emotion is thus both intensely vibrant and evocative of the depth of philosophy.

– Introduction to the topic: Feelings about the excerpt. Comment on the feminine beauty in Xuan Quynh’s poetry.

2. Body:

Excerpt location:

The excerpt from the work “Wave” is limited from the 3rd stanza to the 5th stanza. The excerpt refers to a woman’s desire for self-realization and nostalgia in love.

Review excerpt:

* A woman’s desire for self-realization in love (Verse 3 and verse 4)

The image of “wave” describes the nature of love – the inexplicable mystery of love:

Before all the waves and waves


When do we fall in love?

– The opposite of “em” < "all the same waves and waves" is the opposition between the small and finite with the boundless and vast of the universe - Arousing thoughts and concerns.

– “I think” those two words repeat as discovery, discovery.

+ About the big sea: “Where do the waves come from?” – Answer: “Waves start from the wind”

About you and me: “When will we fall in love?” – Answer “I don’t know either”

=> Two questions intertwine, merging into one. We can explain the origin of the waves and the wind, but we cannot explain the origin of love. It is strangely mysterious but also very natural. Therein lies the attraction of love.

* Nostalgia in love (Verse 5)

The image of “wave” describes nostalgia in love:

Waves in the depths


Despite all the obstacles

– The fifth stanza left a word “remember”. Nostalgia associated with the space “under the deep”, “above the water”, with the “shore”; it covers the whole period of “day and night can’t sleep”, and invades the human soul, even in the unconscious “My heart misses you / Even in my dream I’m awake”. One word “remember” can say many things. I incarnated into the wave. Waves have merged into my soul to become a restless soul.

– This is the only stanza in the poem with up to 6 verses, the break has contributed to expressing the intense surge of nostalgia in love.

Comment on the feminine beauty in Xuan Quynh’s poetry.

– The feminine beauty in Xuan Quynh’s poetry is the voice of a woman’s soul when in love, expressed in a gentle and loving way.

– Song poem is one of the typical poems expressing femininity in Xuan Quynh’s poetry. The love expressed in the poem is both strong, passionate and gentle and deep, which has created the feminine beauty in the wave image.

– That love is also filled with concerns and thoughts of a girl when she falls in love. The concerns and worries expressed by Xuan Quynh are very soft and feminine through questions such as: I don’t know / When will we fall in love.

– That femininity is also expressed in an ordinary and simple way through the desire for happiness in everyday life – the constant desire expressed in Xuan Quynh’s poetry. It is the burning, burning nostalgia, “even in a dream while awake” of a girl when she falls in love. A strong love, ready to overcome all difficulties and storms. It is also the desire to dedicate, the desire to be incarnated, to be integrated into the great sea of ​​love.

=> The poem Wave is the clearest proof of the feminine beauty in Xuan Quynh’s poetry. The work shows the beauty of the soul as well as the compassion of a woman when in love.

Structure of Literature exam 2021

The structure of the Literature exam 2021 (both in terms of time and form of taking the test) remains the same compared to the National High School exams in previous years.

The National High School Literature exam 2021 in the form of an essay consists of 2 parts: Reading (3 points) and Writing (7 points). The test time is 120 minutes.

In the National High School Literature exam 2021:

Reading Comprehension: Ask candidates to read the passage/paragraph and answer 4 questions that are arranged according to the level of awareness, understanding, application, and high application.

Writing section: Includes 2 questions.

Question 1: The Social Essay section (2 points), ask candidates to state their personal thoughts about a phenomenon in society, or a prominent issue pointed out in the Reading Comprehension section.

Question 2: The Literary Essay section, with the highest score of 5 points. The question asks you to state your feelings about a passage/paragraph. This year’s essay contest has the content of the poem “Waves” by poet Xuan Quynh.


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