Scientists reconstruct the ‘handsome’ face of the most powerful Pharaoh of ancient Egypt

Scientists reconstruct the ‘handsome’ face of the most powerful Pharaoh of ancient Egypt


2023-01-05 06:58:41

In a joint science project teamed up by researchers from Egypt and Britain, the mummy of King Ramesses II has been “digitally unwrapped”, allowing historians to observe the outside world for the first time. image of the famous pharaoh at the time of his death, aged 90.

Accordingly, the scientists used previous CT scans of the pharaoh’s mummy and applied them to analysis software to look at details on the face of King Ramesses II. Experts were then able to distinguish between the skull and other materials used in the embalming process and create a 3D image of the skull. Next, the face is reconstructed in the most accurate way based on the data obtained when measuring the typical facial muscle layers of the Egyptians. Layers of facial muscles – the structures that shape the appearance of the human face – are ‘overlaid’ to create the final image.

Photographers then reversed the aging process and revealed the face of King Ramesses II at the age of 45.

“Visualization of other facial features such as earrings and hairstyles is also possible with software that reconstructs images using the latest technology,” says Dr.

The face of King Ramesses II at the time he was 45 years old

According to expert Caroline Wilkinson, director of the Facial Laboratory at Liverpool John Moores University, the facial reconstruction process involves “computed tomography (CT) models of the skull” and “databases” about pre-sampled facial anatomy that we input. These data are then altered to match the shape of the skull.”

According to Dr. Saleem, the result was a pharaoh’s face with a “handsome” appearance.

“Based on the reconstructed face, it can be seen that this is a very handsome Egyptian man with the distinctive facial features of Ramesses II – a high nose and sharp jawline,” Saleem said in a statement. quoted by the Daily Mail.

“CT scan software identifies the properties of different layers of material on the mummy’s face, such as the linen dressing over it. This allows us to ‘engineer it open’ number” with mummies of pharaohs. Dr Sahar Saleem, professor of radiology at Cairo University who led the project, said in an interview with

“Different population and ethnic groups have different mean measurements in different areas of the face including the inclination of the forehead, nose, cheeks and lips. The most scientific approach is to use the measurement from a population as close to your subject as possible — that’s what we did,” adds Dr. Sahar Saleem.

Scientists reconstructed the 'handsome' face of the most powerful Pharaoh in ancient Egypt - Photo 2.

…and the face when King Ramesses II was in his 90s, before his death after 66 years of ruling ancient Egypt

The first and only pharaoh to be granted a passport 3,000 years after his death

Ramesses II, also known as Ramesses the Great, was the third pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty in Egyptian history. He was born around 1302 BC and succeeded his father, Seti I, in his late teens as pharaoh in the 19th Dynasty under the New Kingdom.

Ramesses II reigned for a total of 66 years, ranking among the longest-reigning pharaohs in Egyptian history. He even outlived many of his children. The only person to break Ramesses II’s record was Pepi II, the pharaoh of the Old Kingdom with a reign of 94 years.

According to historical documents, he is noted as one of the greatest, most powerful and celebrated pharaohs in the history of ancient Egypt with many glorious victories and monumental works.

Like many pharaohs of the New Kingdom, Ramesses II was buried in the Valley of the Kings on the west bank of the Nile. Originally, the pharaoh’s mummy was in the tomb number KV7. Later, the Egyptian priests moved the pharaoh’s body to the Deir el-Bahri cellar, where the mummy lay until its discovery in 1881.

Interestingly enough, Ramesses II was the first and only pharaoh in history to be granted a passport by the Egyptian government to France 3,000 years after his death.

The mummy of pharaoh Ramesses II was placed in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo in 1885. In 1974, Egyptologists working at the museum discovered that the mummy Ramesses II was decomposing at an alarming rate and decided to move it. to France to check.

Notably, according to Egyptian law, even the dead need full documents to be allowed to be sent abroad. These documents also help ensure that the pharaoh’s mummy can return safely to the country. Egyptian authorities at the time feared that the pharaoh’s mummy would be kept after arriving in France.

As a result, Pharaoh Ramesses II was issued a passport by the Egyptian government, and became the first mummy to receive this privilege. Quite interestingly, not only is there a photograph of Ramesses II’s face, the ancient Egyptian pharaoh’s career record is recorded as “King (deceased)”.

Video recording the process of using technology to reconstruct the face of King Ramesses II


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