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Thomas Edison is considered one of the greatest and most imaginative inventors and scientists in history. Holding thousands of patents in the US, he is best known for inventing the electric light bulb and later being honored as “the man who brought the second sun to mankind”.
Since the 1900s, Thomas Edison believed that cars would be powered by electricity, and this was the future of transportation. In 1899, he began to develop an electric car battery.
The battery stores electricity to help the car go 1000 miles.
In 1900, about 28% of the more than 4,000 cars produced in the US were electric. Thomas Edison’s goal was to create a battery that could go 1,000 miles without recharging. However, he had to abandon the electric car project 10 years later because of the scarcity of raw materials (nickel).
Thomas Edison believed that electric cars are the future of transportation.
Electric cars hit the road more than 15 years ago when Thomas Edison’s battery (a more durable, lighter-weight upgrade than the previous lead-acid battery) was ready for the ride. Many electric cars were sold in the US between 1899 and 1900. By 1903, London also had more electric cars than internal combustion engine cars.
However, the initial electric vehicle (EV) boom was short-lived, as Thomas Edison’s batteries arrived just as Ford’s more frugal Model T was gaining popularity. In late 1914, Thomas Edison and Henry Ford were trying to build an electric car that was cheap, lightweight, and operated over long distances without recharging. Both scientists imagined a 1,100-pound car with a 405-pound battery device and a $600 price tag.
The Ford-Edison project ultimately failed, due in part to battery problems. According to the history of electric cars produced by the Institute of Electrical Engineers and the Society of Automotive Engineers, the last new American electric car built during Edison’s time was the 1921 model, an automatic, capable of 25 miles. mph and 60 miles. The automatic car cost $1,200, more than four times the price of the Model T at the time.
Tesla’s electric car model
According to the US Department of Energy, electric motors can convert 75% of the chemical energy from the battery to power reciprocating motion (some energy is wasted as heat). However, the internal combustion engine can only convert 20% of the energy in gasoline to power reciprocating motion. Tesla Motors, the maker of the electric car Tesla Roadster, says the Roadster has a driving efficiency of 88%.
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