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On March 16, 1999, a group of American scientists, led by Johan Reinhard discovered the mummified remains of three Inca children at an altitude of 6,705m on the Llullaillaco volcano, in the border area between Chile. and Argentina. The integrity of the mummies surprised the scientific world at that time, especially with the mummy of the oldest child about 13 to 15 years old named Llullaillaco Maiden (meaning Ice Virgin). The other two mummies include a boy and a girl named Llullaillaco Boy and Lightning Girl, both about 4.5 years old.
The girl’s body was so perfectly preserved that it was unbelievable, even at first glance, just like a person sleeping soundly. The mummy sat in a slightly stooped position, with a towel draped over her shoulders. The corpse has long black hair and skin that is very little affected by time. There were also no bruises on the child’s body.
The autopsy results later showed that the internal organs inside the mummy were not damaged, including the brain, which was also intact, and there was still blood in the heart.
The body of Llullaillaco Maiden from 500 years ago is still as intact as a sleeping person
After a period of examination and research, scientists have come to the conclusion that the 3 children found on Mount Llullaillaco are mummies dating back up to 500 years. The cause of death of all 3 was due to taking certain drugs.
This is one of the most intact mummies ever found in the world
After many years of research, scientists have now identified Llullaillaco Maiden and two small children as divine sacrifices of the Inca people around the 1400s. Inca civilization in South America ended in the year 1400. 1572 and still leaves many mysteries unsolved.
Before being sacrificed, they were all “fattened” with a very nutritious diet, especially those that were central to agricultural production such as potatoes, corn, vegetables and fruits. dried camel meat.
Forensic research on the mummy’s hair showed that she was in a state of intoxication before her death. Months before being sacrificed, this girl had to drink alcohol and coca leaves in large quantities. due to being given alcohol and coca leaves – the raw materials for refining cocaine a few months before his death.
The mummification of the ancient Incas is considered the most perfect in history
However, the most valuable harvest of world science when finding Llullaillaco Maiden is not the Inca master embalming technology, but a more meaningful secret, much less thought of.
During the autopsy, researchers found tuberculosis bacteria in the Llullaillaco Maiden. Detecting pathogens in ancient humans is nothing new. However, thanks to being so fully preserved, the modern medical community has made a new step in helping to detect the disease of the deceased in general, not just tuberculosis.
This famous mummy is on display at a museum in Argentina
Before that, scientists had always struggled with DNA-based research methods. They cannot accurately conclude whether a person is really infected because the pathogen may appear due to infection from the environment. However, while studying 3 Inca children, professor Angelique Corthals from the John Jay College of Criminal Justice (New York, USA) found a new way to detect diseases with more accurate results. It is using the technology to analyze the protein on the mummy’s lips. This analysis has since been applied in determining illness or cause of death in archaeological, medical and criminal cases around the world.
Professor Corthals said: “I believe this discovery will open new doors to solve some of the mysteries of the past like why the 1918 flu was so devastating. It will also help humanity. may be more wary of possible future health hazards.”.
Source: Live Science, National Geographic
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